Seeing blood in your urine can mean many things, but it always means you should call your doctor right away.
Common causes of leakage of blood cells into urine — or hematuria — include:
- Urinary tract infections - Bacteria have entered your body through the urethra and multiplied in your bladder. Symptoms include painful, burning, urgent, or frequent urination, and very strong-smelling urine.
- Kidney infections - Bacteria can enter your kidneys from the bloodstream or from the ducts that pass urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Signs are similar to bladder infections, but more likely to cause fever, back pain, nausea and even confusion.
- Bladder or kidney stone - Minerals in concentrated urine can leak out to form crystals on the walls of your kidney or bladder that can turn into small, hard stones over time. These stones can cause excruciating pain and bleeding. Urinary stones should be treated by a urologist to relieve immediate emergency pain and develop a treatment plan to prevent recurrence. (Foothills Urology treats all urinary stones within 24 hours, seven days a week.)